Political Documents:
Definitions and Examples



In the realm of politics, words hold immense power, capable of shaping ideologies, inspiring movements, and rallying masses. Political documents such as charters, manifestos, doctrines, declarations, proclamations, and statements serve as vessels for aspirations, values, and visions. Therefore, understanding their historical context, prevailing ideologies, and diverse perspectives is crucial. In this regard, diligent efforts have been made to shed light on the significance of political terminology through the collection of information and the precise formulation of an informative document. This document not only provides concise definitions of each term but also offers compelling examples accompanied by backstories and critical analysis. By highlighting the imperfections and inherent limitations of these documents, it emphasizes the ever-evolving nature of political discourse and the imperative to scrutinize even the most influential texts. 


A charter is a formal document that sets out a specific set of rights and obligations, and serves as a basis for governance and decision-making. In the modern usage of the charter, it grants certain rights, privileges, authority, powers, or functions to the recipient(s) to exercise them. In the context of a political uprising, a charter might lay out the basic principles and goals of the movement, define the organizational structure of the movement, and describe the roles and responsibilities of its members. A charter is typically more detailed and specific than a manifesto and is often used to establish the legal and institutional framework for the movement.



A manifesto is a public declaration that outlines the intentions, motives, views, principles, values, goals, and policy priorities or visions of the publisher. It may also include a call to action for its supporters. The publisher can be an individual, group, political party, or government. Manifestos serve as rhetorical and symbolic declarations, aiming to inspire and mobilize people towards a shared objective. They often present specific proposals and may undergo revisions or updates. Manifestos are frequently employed by political parties during election campaigns to persuade voters to endorse their agenda.



Doctrine on a broad scale encompasses a body of principles within a specific field of knowledge or a comprehensive system of beliefs. In the realm of politics, this term encompasses several key aspects. Primarily, it signifies a formal declaration of strategic government policies, particularly in the context of international relations. Additionally, it can pertain to military principles or a strategic framework. Doctrine precedes the establishment of a political identity and serves as a guiding force for the actions undertaken by a political group or party. In other words, it serves as a theoretical foundation for proposing policies, ensuring coherence and consistency throughout the party's platform. Adherents of a doctrine aim to promote its acceptance through teaching and advocacy.



A declaration denotes a formal and deliberate statement, communicated either in written or spoken form, that expresses intent or opinion. Its primary function is to announce the introduction of a novel policy or initiative, or to assert the position of a political group or party regarding a particular matter. Declarations are often used to make a public statement of values or beliefs, and may be used to rally support or generate publicity.



A proclamation is an authoritative declaration made by a person in a position of power to disseminate specific announcements on some policy related actions. Proclamations are commonly used within the governing framework of many nations and are usually issued in the name of the head of state. They serve as a means to communicate important information, set forth government policies, and signal the stance of the governing authority on particular matters. Proclamations may be published through official channels, such as government websites or media outlets, to ensure their broad dissemination and public awareness.



A statement refers to a succinct and precise articulation of an opinion, idea, attitude, or factual information. It can be expressed through various means, such as acts, verbal communications (both written and oral), or non-verbal forms. Within the political realm, statements serve as a common tool for conveying a specific perspective or message to the general public, other political entities, or international organizations. They are frequently utilized to present policy proposals, address criticisms or allegations, or make official announcements. By employing statements, individuals, groups, or organizations can effectively communicate their stance and influence public discourse.


"Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!" - Remarks at the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, June 12, 1987 .

"We have it totally under control. It's going to be just fine." - Statement, January 22, 2020.

"Our nation enters this conflict reluctantly, yet our purpose is sure. The people of the United States and our friends and allies will not live at the mercy of an outlaw regime that threatens the peace with weapons of mass murder." - Address to the Nation, March 19, 2003.

"The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki shocked the conscience of the world, and have had profound and lasting effects on the course of human events." - Statement on the 50th anniversary of the bombings, August 6, 1995.